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          您的位置:首頁 > 旅游>正文

          游客“鏟蝦”怎么就成了“中國人素質差”

          時間:2016-03-24 14:59:15    來源:中國青年報    瀏覽次數:    我來說兩句() 字號:TT


            很多事件之所以能夠引起人們的群起聲討,往往包含多種矛盾,需要具體解構和分析,不能將復雜事物簡單歸結為國人素質低。在我看來,這無疑是一種思維的懶惰。

            最近,中國游客在泰國“鏟蝦”的視頻引發軒然大波,中國游客的素質再次遭到眾多“道德帝”聲討,可真實情況到底如何,還存在不少爭議——就在本月20號,有媒體稱泰國王權免稅店工作人員證實這“應該是一兩年之前的事”。加之“現場夾子不夠”“導游催促”“客流量大”以及“其他菜品沒有及時供應”等細節被披露出來,輿論漸有反轉之勢。

            部分國人素質有待提高,這是不容置辯的事實,但不應該被過度丑化。更何況,一事當前應該先問真假,再斷是非。在事情的細節還沒有被詳細披露出來之前,就有不少人“腦補”真相,掀起對國人的批評大潮,為什么會出現這種情況呢?

            “國人素質低”有著深刻的現實基礎,中國積貧積弱百年,要真正自信起來絕非易事。一旦遇到中國游客的負面新聞,很容易會不加分析地自我歧視。

            公眾獲取到的國內外信息不對等,也助長了“中國人素質低”的論調。我們拿來對比的“外國”,更多的是少數歐美發達國家。由于壞消息在傳播過程中具有引爆性,因此媒體和個人往往傾向于報道國人在海外的粗陋行為,這在客觀上強化了人們對“中國人素質差”的意識。

            心理學家唐映紅分析:“只要傳播的訊息投其所好,人們就會傾向于不假思索地采信,并加以傳播。”可見,負面新聞會與固有標簽相結合,更容易形成輿論風向,強化“中國人素質差”的認知,甚至在真相與這種認知違背的時候,部分人選擇拋棄或無視部分真相。很多事件之所以能夠引起人們的群起聲討,往往包含多種矛盾,需要具體解構和分析,不能將復雜事物簡單歸結為國人素質低。在我看來,這無疑是一種思維的懶惰。

            拿“鏟蝦”事件來說,自助餐在國內也很普及,但為何游客在國內吃自助的時候哄搶和浪費遠沒有那么夸張呢?問題更多出在旅行社身上:由于導游催促導致時間緊張等原因,沒有在質量上保障游客的就餐環境。因此只將批評和指責放在中國游客的不文明行為上,而不問旅行社的服務是否合乎規范,就是一葉障目不見泰山。

            某些國人的自我貶低意識,已經成為一種普遍的社會心理,甚至形成了慣性邏輯:遇事強行給中國人貼上“素質差”的標簽,以至于經常發生“誤傷”事件——前段時間被熱炒的“中國人在泰國裸曬”,經調查當事人是日本人;網絡瘋傳“上海游客赴美國旅游時,因在歐洲留下不文明記錄,而被美國海關拒絕入境”帖子,同樣被證實純屬假新聞……

            一旦中國游客在海外有什么不文明行為,“中國人素質低論”就會沉渣泛起。動輒使用“中國人”之類的全稱對公眾素質評判,本質上和地域歧視并無不同,只是后者的放大版。(韓中鋒)


          責編:文化中國網 張麗平

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